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A Neurodynamical Model of Brightness Induction in V1

Olivier Penacchio, Xavier Otazu, Laura Dempere-Marco
PLoS ONE - may 2013
IF: 3.534. area: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES. Quartile: 1.
Download the publication : POD2013.pdf [716Ko]  
Brightness induction is the modulation of the perceived intensity of an area by the luminance of surrounding areas. Recent neurophysiological evidence suggests that brightness information might be explicitly represented in V1, in contrast to the more common assumption that the striate cortex is an area mostly responsive to sensory information. Here we investigate possible neural mechanisms that offer a plausible explanation for such phenomenon. To this end, a neurodynamical model which is based on neurophysiological evidence and focuses on the part of V1 responsible for contextual influences is presented. The proposed computational model successfully accounts for well known psychophysical effects for static contexts and also for brightness induction in dynamic contexts defined by modulating the luminance of surrounding areas. This work suggests that intra-cortical interactions in V1 could, at least partially, explain brightness induction effects and reveals how a common general architecture may account for several different fundamental processes, such as visual saliency and brightness induction, which emerge early in the visual processing pathway.

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BibTex references

@Article\{POD2013,
  author       = "Olivier Penacchio and Xavier Otazu and Laura Dempere-Marco",
  title        = "A Neurodynamical Model of Brightness Induction in V1",
  journal      = "PLoS ONE",
  month        = "may",
  year         = "2013",
  abstract     = "Brightness induction is the modulation of the perceived intensity of an area by the luminance of surrounding areas. Recent neurophysiological evidence suggests that brightness information might be explicitly represented in V1, in contrast to the more common assumption that the striate cortex is an area mostly responsive to sensory information. Here we investigate possible neural mechanisms that offer a plausible explanation for such phenomenon. To this end, a neurodynamical model which is based on neurophysiological evidence and focuses on the part of V1 responsible for contextual influences is presented. The proposed computational model successfully accounts for well known psychophysical effects for static contexts and also for brightness induction in dynamic contexts defined by modulating the luminance of surrounding areas. This work suggests that intra-cortical interactions in V1 could, at least partially, explain brightness induction effects and reveals how a common general architecture may account for several different fundamental processes, such as visual saliency and brightness induction, which emerge early in the visual processing pathway.",
  ifactor      = "3.534",
  quartile     = "1",
  area         = "MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES",
  url          = "http://www.cat.uab.cat/Public/Publications/2013/POD2013"
}

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